One of the most successful countries in Southeast Asia, Malaysia is a middle income country that consistently shows a robust growth. Though the country’s development has been guided by the government, Malaysia’s economy is steadily opening and advancing fast towards technology and innovation.

  • Capital: Kuala Lumpur
  • Total Area: 330,803 km²
  • Government: Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy
  • Currency: Ringgit, RM – MYR
  • Drives on the: left
  • Calling Code: +60
  • Internet TLD: .my


  • Population: 31,417,000 (2017 Estimate)
  • Population Density: 92/km²
  • Official Languages: Malaysian (Bahasa Malaysia), English is a recognised language.
  • HDI: 0.779 (high)
  • Ethnic Groups: (2010)
    • 50.1% Malay
    • 22.6% Chinese
    • 11.8% Indigenous
    • 6.7% Indian
    • 8.8% other

The Malaysian business environment

Guided by the government which aims at making Malaysia a high income country by 2020 through an ambitious economic plan, the country’s economy is destined for modernization. The economy is pushed towards higher value-added industries and services, away from the country’s reliance upon natural resources, and target an increased well-being for its people.

Provided they are successfully implemented, these objectives will enhance business in Malaysia and consolidate its place as a pillar of Southeast Asia by expanding upon the country’s other key advantages: a population that is highly proficient in English and many large companies that are already leaders in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, the regulatory and fiscal environment have been designed to foster the attractiveness of Malaysia with relatively low taxes in the global competition.

Malaysia growth infographic: comparison of economic growth with ASEAN-6 countries

In the end, a relatively large population with a middle income set to become high soon make a very attractive customer base for business. Local and foreign companies enjoy its open environment to grab a part of a solvable and sizable Malaysian market.

Key economic data of Malaysia

  • GDP (PPP): USD 859.881 Billion (2016 Estimate)
  • GDP per Capita (PPP): USD 27,278
  • GDP (Nominal): USD 375.633 Billion (2015 Estimate)
  • GDP per Capita (Nominal): USD 12,127
  • GDP Growth: 4.2% (2016)
  • GDP by sector: (2014)
    • Agriculture: 7.1%
    • Industry: 36.8%
    • Services: 56.2%
  • Labor force: 14.04 Million (2014)
  • Labor force by occupation: (2012)
    • Agriculture: 11.1%
    • Industry: 36%
    • Services: 53.5%
  • Unemployment: 3.1% (2014)
  • Inflation: 3.0% (November 2015)
  • Ease of doing business rank: 23rd (2017)

Key sectors of Malaysia

Rich in natural resources such as timber and oil, Malaysia has developed a leading position in the production and refining of palm oil. Its large industrial production leading in electronics, pharmaceuticals and medical technologies, also make Malaysia a strong industrial country.

Services however have also developed exponentially in Malaysia: a notable leader in the region for digital technologies, e-commerce and mobile applications, Malaysia is also an important financial center, and more specifically in Islamic finance, where Malaysia has become a global leader.

Malaysia is also a leader for tourism in Southeast Asia in terms of numbers of foreign tourists arrivals. With its diverse landscapes, modern and traditional cities, wide range of activities, famous UNESCO world heritage sites, Malaysia also displays witty ways to recycle its cultural heritage.

Main Industries of Malaysia

  • Electronics
  • Rubber and Palm oil processing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Medical technology
  • Smelting
  • Logging
  • Timber processing
  • Petroleum production
  • Petroleum refining

Ahead of Southeast Asia for digital

The second highest connectivity in Southeast Asia behind Singapore, Malaysia has a much larger population which makes it one of the most interesting digital markets in the region. These characteristics help the rapid development of online business and the maturing of online behaviors, as shown by the trends of e-commerce in Malaysia.

Numbers of Internet, social media and mobile users in Malaysia in 2018

Malaysia for professionals and work

On its way to become a high income country, Malaysia provides its workforce and expats with relatively high salaries compared to other countries of the region. Furthermore, to provide a more livable environment, the local authorities engage a movement towards a more sustainable development to foster greener cities with more public transports, such as in Kuala Lumpur.

Malaysia trade data

Heavily reliant on commodities such as hydrocarbons and palm oil, Malaysia is also a top exporter of electrical and electronic products.

Exports: USD 175.7 Billion (2015 Estimate)

Export Goods:

  • electrical & electronic products
  • palm oil
  • liquefied natural gas
  • petroleum
  • chemicals
  • machinery
  • vehicles
  • optical & scientific equipment
  • manufactures of metal
  • rubber
  • wood and wood products

Main Export Partners: (2012 Estimate)

  • Singapore 13.6%
  • China 12.6%
  • Japan 11.8%
  • United States 8.7%
  • Thailand 5.4%
  • Hong Kong 4.3%
  • India 4.2%
  • Australia 4.1%

Imports: USD 207.5 Billion (2014 Estimate)

Import Goods:

  • electrical & electronic products
  • machinery
  • chemicals
  • petroleum
  • plastics
  • vehicles
  • manufactures of metal
  • iron and steel products

Main Import Partners: (2012 Estimate)

  • China 15.1%
  • Singapore 13.3%
  • Japan 10.3%
  • United States 8.1%
  • Thailand 6.0%
  • Indonesia 5.1%
  • South Korea 4.1%

Source: Aseanup